VISIT JEJU

LOOKING FOR SOMETHING?

본문

Byeolbangjin Fortress

A Fortress That Served as the Largest Military Camp of the Eastern Region during the Joseon Dynasty

Address

Haemajihaean-ro, Gujwa-eup, Jeju-si, Jeju-do

  • Add to wishlist

    1

  • Like

    1

  • Review

    6

  • Reg itinerary

    0

  • I visited.

    1

  • Lookup

    10,303

  • Share SNS

    0

별방진
별방진


According to the "Sinjeungdonggukheungjiseungram Jeju-mok Gwanbangjo", Byeolbangseong Fortress was made by stacking rocks. It had a circumference of approximately 89m and a height of approximately 2m. 


Byeolbangseong Fortress was built in 1510 during the 5th year of King Jungjong’s reign. Jang Lim, who was the Moksa of Jeju in 1510, built the fortress as a military base to defend the island against the Japanese and named it Byeolbangseong Fortress by moving Kimnyeongbanghoso into it. 


Kim Sang-heon wrote in his book Namsarok that the fortress had a well filled with salty water inside and three gates to the east, west, and south. The place contained Daebyeoncheong in the north fortress and armory, accommodations, and military education facilities in the center. In the past the place was called Uitan-ri, Hado. 


Another book called Seogye, written by Park Cheon-hyeong, indicates that the east and north side of the fortress were adjacent to the sea. The book also mentions that the fortress was not an ideal place to have battleships anchored because the dock was too narrow and rough rocks at the shore could damage ships. In his book, Park concluded that the castle is not a good military base overall, considering various factors and advised that residents should install lights and be careful when walking. 


The personnel manning the fortress included a Jobangjang (1), Chichong (4), Seongjeonggun (510), Yujikgun (148), Seogi (15), Byeoljang (30) for the 2 Sogwan Beacon Fire Stations and 3 Yeondae, Bonggun (84), and 1 Donghuseon boat. 


In 1848, the 14th year of King Heonjong’s reign, Moksa Jang In-sik built an extension to the original fortress. It is said that during the period of extension, many construction workers suffered from starvation due to a severe famine.


별방진
별방진