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Gama Oreum Volcanic Cone

Part of Jeju's Painful History

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Detail

가마오름

Located about 500m southeast through the mountain on the back of Surungi Village (Suryong-dong, Sanyang-ri) in Hangyeong-myeon, this volcanic cone can be easily accessed through the local road in Suryong-dong. With the southern peak in the center, the ridge stretches to the north. The gently sloped eastern side forms a horseshoe-shaped crater to the northeast and is covered with red scoria. Pine trees and other vegetation are tangled together to form a dense forest while Super Pink flowers are spread in the field. During the Japanese occupation, a garrison of the Japanese military was located here, and artificial caves that were dug by the Japanese are still present. Origin and Etymology of Volcanic Cone’s Name: Although many state that this cone, Gama Oreum Volcanic Cone, got its name because of its similarity to the lid of a Korean pot (Gamasot), linguistic scholars beg to differ. They state that Gama originates from Gam, which in the northern dialects meant holy. As such, they understand the name to mean a holy volcanic cone.